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List of Upanishads



More than 250 Upanishads are known, of which the first dozen or so are the oldest and most important and are referred to as the principal or main (mukhya) Upanishads. With the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahmasutra (known collectively as the Prasthanatrayi) the mukhya Upanishads provide a foundation for several later schools of Indian philosophy (vedanta), among them, two influential monistic schools of Hinduism.




  1. Adhyatma Upanishad
  2. Advaya Taraka Upanishad
  3. Aitareya Upanishad
  4. Aksha Malika Upanishad
  5. Akshi Upanishad
  6. Amrita Bindu Upanishad
  7. Amrita Nada Upanishad
  8. Annapurna Upanishad
  9. Aruni Upanishad
  10. Atharvasikha Upanishad
  11. Atharvasiras Upanishad
  12. Atma Upanishad
  13. Atma-Bodha Upanishad
  14. Avadhuta Upanishad
  15. Avyakta Upanishad
  16. Bahvricha Upanishad
  17. Bhasma-Jabala Upanishad
  18. Bhavana Upanishad
  19. Bhikshuka Upanishad
  20. Brahma Upanishad
  21. Brahma Vidya Upanishad
  22. Brihad Jabala Upanishad
  23. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
  24. Chandogya Upanishad
  25. Dakshinamurti Upanishad
  26. Darsana Upanishad
  27. Dattatreya Upanishad
  28. Devi Upanishad
  29. Dhyana-Bindu Upanishad
  30. Ekakshara Upanishad
  31. Ganapati Upanishad
  32. Garbha Upanishad
  33. Garuda Upanishad
  34. Gopala Tapaniya Upanishad
  35. Hamsa Upanishad
  36. Hayagriva Upanishad
  37. Isavasya Upanishad
  38. Jabala Upanishad
  39. Jabali Upanishad
  40. Kaivalya Upanishad
  41. Kalagni Rudra Upanishad
  42. Kali Santarana Upanishad
  43. Katha Upanishad
  44. Katharudra Upanishad
  45. Kaula Upanishad
  46. Kaushitaki Brahmana Upanishad
  47. Kena Upanishad
  48. Krishna Upanishad
  49. Kshurika Upanishad
  50. Kundika Upanishad
  51. Maha Narayana Upanishad
  52. Maha Upanishad
  53. Maha Vakya Upanishad
  54. Maitrayani Upanishad
  55. Maitreya Upanishad
  56. Mandala Brahmana Upanishad
  57. Mandukya Upanishad
  58. Mantrika Upanishad
  59. Mudgala Upanishad
  60. Muktika Upanishad
  61. Mundaka Upanishad
  62. Nada Bindu Upanishad
  63. Narada Parivrajaka Upanishad
  64. Narayana Upanishad
  65. Niralamba Upanishad
  66. Nirvana Upanishad
  67. Nrisimha Poorva Tapaniya Upanishad
  68. Nrisimha Uttara Tapaniya Upanishad
  69. Paingala Upanishad
  70. Pancha Brahma Upanishad
  71. Para Brahma Upanishad
  72. Paramahamsa Parivrajaka Upanishad
  73. Paramahamsa Upanishad
  74. Pasupata Brahmana Upanishad
  75. Pinda Upanishad
  76. Pranagnihotra Upanishad
  77. Prasna Upanishad
  78. Rama Rahasya Upanishad
  79. Rama Tapaniya Upanishad
  80. Rudra Hridaya Upanishad
  81. Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad
  82. Sandilya Upanishad
  83. Sannyasa Upanishad
  84. Sarabha Upanishad
  85. Sarasvati Rahasya Upanishad
  86. Sariraka Upanishad
  87. Sarva Sara Upanishad
  88. Satyayaniya Upanishad
  89. Saubhagya Lakshmi Upanishad
  90. Savitri Upanishad
  91. Shyama Upanishad
  92. Sita Upanishad
  93. Skanda Upanishad
  94. Sri Chaitanya Upanishad
  95. Subala Upanishad
  96. Suka Rahasya Upanishad
  97. Surya Upanishad
  98. Svetasvatara Upanishad
  99. Taittiriya Upanishad
  100. Tara Sara Upanishad
  101. Tejo Bindu Upanishad
  102. Tripadvibhuti Mahanarayana Upanishad
  103. Tripura Tapini Upanishad
  104. Tripura Upanishad
  105. Trisikhi Brahmana Upanishad
  106. Turiyatita Avadhuta Upanishad
  107. Upanishads - Atharva Veda
  108. Upanishads - Krishna Yajur Veda
  109. Upanishads - Other
  110. Upanishads - Rig Veda
  111. Upanishads - Sama Veda
  112. Upanishads - Shukla Yajur Veda
  113. Vajrasuchika Upanishad
  114. Varaha Upanishad
  115. Vasudeva Upanishad
  116. Yajnavalkya Upanishad
  117. Yoga Chudamani Upanishad
  118. Yoga Kundalini Upanishad
  119. Yoga Sikha Upanishad
  120. Yoga Tattva Upanishad

Upanishads - Rig Veda

  1. Aitareya Upanishad
  2. Aksha Malika Upanishad
  3. Atma-Bodha Upanishad
  4. Bahvricha Upanishad
  5. Kaushitaki Brahmana Upanishad
  6. Mudgala Upanishad
  7. Nada Bindu Upanishad
  8. Nirvana Upanishad
  9. Saubhagya Lakshmi Upanishad
  10. Tripura Upanishad

Upanishads - Shukla Yajur Veda

  1. Adhyatma Upanishad
  2. Advaya Taraka Upanishad
  3. Bhikshuka Upanishad
  4. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
  5. Hamsa Upanishad
  6. Isavasya Upanishad
  7. Jabala Upanishad
  8. Mandala Brahmana Upanishad
  9. Mantrika Upanishad
  10. Muktika Upanishad
  11. Niralamba Upanishad
  12. Paingala Upanishad
  13. Paramahamsa Upanishad
  14. Satyayaniya Upanishad
  15. Subala Upanishad
  16. Tara Sara Upanishad
  17. Trisikhi Brahmana Upanishad
  18. Turiyatita Avadhuta Upanishad
  19. Yajnavalkya Upanishad

Upanishads - Krishna Yajur Veda

  1. Akshi Upanishad
  2. Amrita Bindu Upanishad
  3. Amrita Nada Upanishad
  4. Avadhuta Upanishad
  5. Brahma Upanishad
  6. Brahma Vidya Upanishad
  7. Dakshinamurti Upanishad
  8. Dhyana-Bindu Upanishad
  9. Ekakshara Upanishad
  10. Garbha Upanishad
  11. Kaivalya Upanishad
  12. Kalagni Rudra Upanishad
  13. Kali Santarana Upanishad
  14. Katha Upanishad
  15. Katharudra Upanishad
  16. Kshurika Upanishad
  17. Maha Narayana Upanishad
  18. Narayana Upanishad
  19. Pancha Brahma Upanishad
  20. Pranagnihotra Upanishad
  21. Rudra Hridaya Upanishad
  22. Sarasvati Rahasya Upanishad
  23. Sariraka Upanishad
  24. Sarva Sara Upanishad
  25. Skanda Upanishad
  26. Suka Rahasya Upanishad
  27. Svetasvatara Upanishad
  28. Taittiriya Upanishad
  29. Tejo Bindu Upanishad
  30. Varaha Upanishad
  31. Yoga Kundalini Upanishad
  32. Yoga Sikha Upanishad
  33. Yoga Tattva Upanishad

Upanishads - Sama Veda

  1. Aruni Upanishad
  2. Avyakta Upanishad
  3. Chandogya Upanishad
  4. Darsana Upanishad
  5. Jabali Upanishad
  6. Kena Upanishad
  7. Kundika Upanishad
  8. Maha Upanishad
  9. Maitrayani Upanishad
  10. Maitreya Upanishad
  11. Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad
  12. Sannyasa Upanishad
  13. Savitri Upanishad
  14. Vajrasuchika Upanishad
  15. Vasudeva Upanishad
  16. Yoga Chudamani Upanishad

Upanishads - Atharva Veda

  1. Annapurna Upanishad
  2. Atharvasikha Upanishad
  3. Atharvasiras Upanishad
  4. Atma Upanishad
  5. Bhasma-Jabala Upanishad
  6. Bhavana Upanishad
  7. Brihad Jabala Upanishad
  8. Dattatreya Upanishad
  9. Devi Upanishad
  10. Ganapati Upanishad
  11. Garuda Upanishad
  12. Gopala Tapaniya Upanishad
  13. Hayagriva Upanishad
  14. Krishna Upanishad
  15. Maha Vakya Upanishad
  16. Mandukya Upanishad
  17. Mundaka Upanishad
  18. Narada Parivrajaka Upanishad
  19. Nrisimha Poorva Tapaniya Upanishad
  20. Nrisimha Uttara Tapaniya Upanishad
  21. Para Brahma Upanishad
  22. Paramahamsa Parivrajaka Upanishad
  23. Pasupata Brahmana Upanishad
  24. Prasna Upanishad
  25. Rama Rahasya Upanishad
  26. Rama Tapaniya Upanishad
  27. Sandilya Upanishad
  28. Sarabha Upanishad
  29. Sita Upanishad
  30. Surya Upanishad
  31. Tripadvibhuti Mahanarayana Upanishad
  32. Tripura Tapini Upanishad

Upanishads - Other Kaula Upanishad

  1. Pinda Upanishad
  2. Shyama Upanishad
  3. Sri Chaitanya Upanishad

Notes on Upanishads

The Shanti-mantra for the Upanishads of the Rig-Veda:
[Vang me manasi pratistitaa. Mano me vachi pratistitam. ....]
Om ! May my speech be based on (i.e. accord with) the mind;
May my mind be based on speech.
O Self-effulgent One, reveal Thyself to me.
May you both (speech and mind) be the carriers of the Veda to me.
May not all that I have heard depart from me.
I shall join together (i.e. obliterate the difference of) day
And night through this study.
I shall utter what is verbally true;
I shall utter what is mentally true.
May that (Brahman) protect me;
May That protect the speaker (i.e. the teacher), may That protect me;
May that protect the speaker - may That protect the speaker.
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

The Shanti-mantra for the Upanishads of the Sukla-Yajur-Veda:
[Poornamadah Poornamidam Poornaat Poornamudachyate ...]
Om ! That (Brahman) is infinite, and this (universe) is infinite.
The infinite proceeds from the infinite.
(Then) taking the infinitude of the infinite (universe),
It remains as the infinite (Brahman) alone.
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

The Shanti-mantra for the Upanishads of the Krishna-Yajur-Veda:
[Sahana Vavatu. Sahanau Bhunaktu ....]
Om ! May He protect us both together; may He nourish us both together;
May we work conjointly with great energy,
May our study be vigorous and effective;
May we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any).
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

The Shanti-mantra for the Upanishads of the Sama-Veda:
[Aapyaayantu Mamangaani Vak-Pranaschakshuh ....]
Om ! Let my limbs and speech, Prana, eyes, ears, vitality
And all the senses grow in strength.
All existence is the Brahman of the Upanishads.
May I never deny Brahman, nor Brahman deny me.
Let there be no denial at all:
Let there be no denial at least from me.
May the virtues that are proclaimed in the Upanishads be in me,
Who am devoted to the Atman; may they reside in me.
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

The Shanti-mantra for the Upanishads of the Atharva-Veda:
[Bhadram Karnebhi Srunuyama Devaah ......]
Om ! O Devas, may we hear with our ears what is auspicious;
May we see with our eyes what is auspicious, O ye worthy of worship !
May we enjoy the term of life allotted by the Devas,
Praising them with our body and limbs steady !
May the glorious Indra bless us !
May the all-knowing Sun bless us !
May Garuda, the thunderbolt for evil, bless us !
May Brihaspati grant us well-being !
Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

UPANISHADS in Sankara’s own words - Vol. I
English Commentary by Vidyavachaspati V. Panoli

"For those who are desirous of liberation, Mandukya is quite enough for its attainment." (Muktikopanishad-26)

That which destroys samsara, the cause of all evils, which dispels avidya, the cause of samsara and which conduces to the attainment of Brahman is termed Upanishad.

“If we were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power, and beauty that nature can bestow - in some parts a very paradise on earth - I should point to India. If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered over the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions of some of them which well deserve the attention even of those who have studied Plato and Kant - I should point to India. And if I were to ask myself from what literature we here in Europe, we who have been nurtured almost exclusively on the thoughts of Greeks and Romans, and of one Semitic race, the Jewish, may draw the corrective which is most wanted in order to make our inner life more perfect, more comprehensive, more universal, in fact more truly human a life, not for this life only, but a transfigured and eternal life - again I should point to India." ---- Max Muller

“In the whole world there is no study ... so beneficial and so elevating as that of the Upanishads ... (they) are products of the highest wisdom ... It is destined sooner or later to become the faith of the people ... The study of the Upanishads has been the solace of my life, it will be the solace of my death." ---- Schopenhauer

Miseries are threefold - Adhyatmika, Adhidaivika and Adhibhautika. For the relief from these three, shanti-shabda is uttered thrice.

Six changes: birth, existence, growth, transformation, decay and death.

Shankara: All the Upanishads sum up themselves only by ascertaining the true nature of the Self. The Gita and the scriptures dealing with liberation have only this aim.


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