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Mathura Pilgrimage Site in India

Mathura

Mathura Pilgrimage Site

Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and 145 km south-east of Delhi; about 11 kilometers from the town of Vrindavan and 22 kilometers from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes.
Mathura is the birthplace of Lord Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi , called Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi, 'Lord Krishna's birth place'.
The Keshav Dev temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna's legendary birthplace (an underground prison). According to the Mahabharata and Bhagavata Purana epics, Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna.

 

 

There are many place of historic and religious importance in Mathura and its neighbouring towns. Most of them are linked with Hindu heritage. Major places are listed here.

Major tourist sites

  • Krishnajanmabhoomi
  • Jai gurudev Ashram - Naam Yog Sadhna Mandir
  • Dwarikadheesh Temple
  • Durvasa Rishi Ashram
  • Kans Tila
  • Sri Keshavji Gaudiya Matha
  • Vishram Ghat, a bath and worship place on the banks of river Yamuna is the main ghat in Mathura, central to 25 other ghats.
  • Rangeshwar Mahadev Mandir
  • Bhooteshwar Mahadev Mandir
  • Mathura museum

Places of interest

A very famous twin-city to Mathura is Vrindavan. As the home of Lord Krishna in his youth, the small town is host to a multitude of temples belonging to various sects of Hinduism proclaiming Lord Krishna in various forms and Avatars. Some of the most famous temples are Banke Bihari Temple, Rang ji Temple and Iskcon Temple.

Religious Tours of Mathura-Vrindavan

Mathura and Vrindavan are collectively known as Brajbhoomi.  Religious tours of Mathura-Vrindavan  means visiting the sacred place of Brajbhoomi. Lord Krishna was born and brought up in Mathura-Vrindavan. Mathura is the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, while Vrindavan is the city of temples. Mathura is situated in Uttar Pradesh at a distance of around 58 km from Agra. The city of temples is just 15 km from Mathura.

 

Religious tours of Mathura-Vrindavan includes various religious places like temples, ghatas and kunds in and around Mathura and Vrindavan. Shri Krishna Janmabhumi is a temple consisting of a small prison which is supposed to be the birth place of Lord Krishna. It is a major pilgrimage shrine. Dwarkadhish Temple is very well known for the colorful festivals that are celebrated here. It was built by Seth Gokuldass of Gwalior in early 19th century.

Radha Madana-Mohana Temple is a famous temple which is included in the religious tours of Mathura-Vrindavan.  It was the first temple of Vrindavan established by Srila Sanatana Gosvami. Banke-Bihari temple of Vrindavan was built in 1864 and is a famous temple all over India. The divinity of Banke-Bihari was discovered by Swami Haridasa in Nidhuvana. Swami Haridasa was the guru of famous musician Tansen.

Vrindavan's one of the luxurious temples is Jaipur Temple. It was built in 1917 by the Maharaja of Jaipur. Sawai Madhav. The huge pillars are attractively carved from a single solid rock. The elaborately fashioned marble on the altar reminds of Mughal period. Radharamana temple is the famous temple of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami and is one of the names of Shri Krishna. One of the most important pilgrimage shrines worth seeing while  religious tours of Mathura-Vrindavan  is Radha Damodara Temple. The original hand carved deity by Rupa Gosvami was gifted to his disciple Jiva Gosvami, who built this temple. This spot was the bhajana place of Rupa Gosvami and formerly was in the middle of Seva Kunj. Jugal Kisore Temple of Vrindavan is one of the oldest temples. This temple is situated on the Kesi Ghata and sometimes referred as Kesi Ghata temple.

Kesi Ghat is a famous ghat as aarti to Yamuna is held here every evening. This is the place where Kesi demon, which appeared in the form of a gigantic horse, was killed by Lord Krishna. Kaliya Ghat is the ghat where Lord Krishna jumped from a big Kadamba tree into the Yamuna river to chastise the Kaliya serpent. Vishram Ghat is the most important bathing ghat on the Yamuna. It is the ghat where Lord Krishna took rest after killing Kansa.

Religious tours of Mathura-Vrindavan  can not be said to be complete without a visit to the kunds at Mathura-Vrindavan. In ancient times, there were around 159 kunds, among which only few survive. Those are Shiv Tal, famous Potara Kund, Balbhadra, Saraswati Kunds and Manasi Ganga Kund.


Popular Pilgrimage Attractions

Radharamana Temple 
This is the famous temple of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami. Radharamana means "one who gives pleasure to Radha", and is one of the many names of Lord Krishna. The seva puja of Radharamana was established in 1542, after the Deity self-manifested from a saligram-sila. Also kept iin this temple is the wooden sitting place (hoki) and shawl (chaddar) or Lord Chaitanya, that He gave as a gift to Gopala Bhatta Gosvami. There is no deity of Radharani in this temple, but a crown is kept next to Krishna signifying Her presence. 

Jugal Kisore Temple 
This is one of the oldest temple of Vrindavana and was completed in 1627. After Emperor Akbar's visit to Vridavana in the year 1570, he gave permission for four temples to be built by the Gaudya Vaisnavas, which were Madana-mohana, Govindaji, Gopinatha and Jugal Kisore. It is sometimes called the Kesi ghata temple, as it is located next to this ghata. 

Kesi Ghata 
This is the place where Lord Krishna killed the Kesi demon who appeared in the form of a gigantic horse and then took His bath in this very same ghata. This is also very famous bathing place in Vrindavana. An arati to Yamuna Devi is held here every evening. 

Rangji Temple 
This South Indian style temple was built by the wealthy Seth family of Mathura in the year 1851, and is dedicated to Lord Sri Ranganatha or Rangaji - a form of Lord Vishnu lying down on the Sesa Naga (celestial serpent). This temple has a traditional South Indian gopuram (gateway) and is surrounded by high walls. It is one of Vrindavana's largest temples. Once a year a grand car festival (Ratha Yatra) is held known as Brahmotsava, during the month of Chait (March - April), this festival lasts for 10 days. 

Dwarkadish Temple
The Dwarkadish Temple, built in 1814, is a popular temple in the center of town. This is the most visited temple in the center of town. This is the most visited temple in Mathura. This temple is managed by followers of Vallabhacarya. Once you enter this temple from the street, it is fairly interesting architechually and there is a lot of activity inside. It is located in the eastern part of Mathura, not far from the Yamuna River. 



 
 


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