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The 12 Jyotirlinga Shrine's of Shiva


The 12 Jyotirlinga Shrines of Shiva

A Jyotirlinga ' or Jyotirling or Jyotirlingam is a shrine where Lord Shiva, an aspect of God in Hinduism is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlingam or " Lingam (pillar) of light ." There are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines in India.
It is believed that Lord Shiva first manifested himself as a Jyotirlinga on the night of the Aridra Nakshatra , thus the special reverence for the Jyotirlinga. There is nothing to distinguish the appearance, but it is believed that a person can see these lingas as columns of fire piercing through the earth after he reaches a higher level of spiritual attainment.

The shloka below describes the twelve places where the jyothirlingas are placed along with the names of the lord there.
Dvaadasa Jyothir Lingas

Suarashtre tu Somanatham, Shri shaile Mallikarjunam||
Ujjayinyaam Mahakaalam Omkaare Mamaleshwaram|| 

Himalaye tu Kedaaram,Dakinyaam Bhima Shankaram||
Vaaranasyam tu Vishvesham Tryambakam Gautamitate||

Paralyam Vaidhyanatham Nagesham cha Daruka vane||
Setubandhe tu Ramesham Ghrishnesham cha shivalaye||

Aetani Jyotirlingani Sayam Prataha Pathennaraha ||
Sapta Janma Kritam Papam Smaranen Vinashyati ||


Significance of Jyotirlinga: The Puranas vociferously sing the praises of the greatness of the Jyotirlingas. By reciting the name of this, one can eliminate all the sins. The Sadhaka becomes calm, chaste and pure. He becomes illuminated and enlightened with supreme and divine knowledge. The names mentioned for the benefits of all:

Saurashtra Somnatham Cha Shrishaile Mallikarjunam ||
Ujjainyam Mahakalomkare Mammaleshwaram ||
Parlyam Vaijnatham Cha Dakinyam Bheem Shankaram ||
Setu Bandhe Tu Ramesham Nagesham Daruka Vane ||
Varanasya Tu Vishwesham Tribakam Gautamitate || 
Himalaye Tu Kedaram Ghurmesham Cha Shivalaye ||
Aetani Jyotirlingani Sayam Prataha Pathennaraha ||
Sapta Janma Kritam Papam Smaranen Vinashyati ||

One who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening he washes all the sins committed in the previous 7 births and attains all the powers and Siddhis. 

Twelve Shiv Jyotirlingas

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga
2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga
3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga
4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga
5. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga
6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga
7. Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga
8. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga
9. Vaijyanath Jyotirlinga
10. Nageshvara Jyotirlinga
11. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga
12. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga

Twelve Jyotirlingas

# Jyotirlinga Image State Location Description
1 Somnath Somanatha view-II.JPG Gujarat Prabhas Patan,Saurashtra Somnath is the first amongst the holy shrines and traditionally, the Dwadash Jyotirlinga pilgrimage begins with the Somnath Temple. It is the prime abode of Lord Shiva and is considered to be holiest of all the Jyotirlingas. The temple was destroyed and re-built six times, is held in reverence throughout India and is rich in legend, tradition, and history. It is located at Prabhas Patan (Somnath - Veraval) inSaurashtra in Gujarat.
2 Mallikarjuna Srisailam-temple-entrance.jpg Andhra Pradesh Srisailam Mallikarjuna , also called Srisaila , is located on a mountain on the river Krishna. Srisailam, inKurnool District in Andhra Pradesh enshrines Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple that is architecturally and sculpturally rich. Adi Shankara composed his Sivananda Lahiri here.
3 Mahakaleshwar Mahakal Temple Ujjain.JPG Madhya Pradesh Mahakal, Ujjain Mahakal, Ujjain (or Avanti) in Madhya Pradesh is home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The Lingam at Mahakal is believed to beSwayambhu, the only one of the 12 Jyotirlingams to be so. It is also the only one facing south and also the temple to have a Shree Yantra perched upside down at the ceiling of theGarbhagriha (where the Shiv Lingam sits).
4 Omkareshwar Omkareshwar.JPG Madhya Pradesh Island in theNarmada River,Omkareshwar Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh on an island in theNarmada River is home to a Jyotirlinga shrine and the Mamaleshwar temple.
5 Kedarnath Kedarnath Temple.jpg Uttarakhand Kedarnath Kedarnath in Uttarakhandis the northernmost of the Jyotirlingas. Kedarnath, nestled in the snow-cladHimalayas, is an ancient shrine, rich in legend and tradition. It is accessible only by foot, and only for six months a year.
6 Bhimashankar Bhimashankar.jpg Maharashtra Bhimashankar

According to "LINGA PURAN", Bhimasankar temple in Bhimpur near Gunupur of Rayagada Dist in South Orissa is also believed as Bhimasankar Jyotirlinga, which is situated at the western part of the holy Mahendragiri mountains and at the river bank of Mahendratanaya(which is also believed as the Daakini area by many historian), was excavated in the year 1974, having quadangular Shakti around the Linga and decorated by a Upavita as per the puran.Please visit official website of Bhimasankar Jyotirlinga.

7 Kashi Vishwanath Kashi.jpg Uttar Pradesh Varanasi Kashi Vishwanath Templein Varanasi, Uttar Pradeshis home to the Vishwanath Jyotirlinga shrine, which is perhaps the most sacred of Hindu shrines.
8 Trimbakeshwar Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, Trimbak, Nashik district.jpg Maharashtra Trimbakeshwar, Near Nashik Trimbakeshwar Temple, near Nasik in Maharashtra, is a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with the origin of the Godavari river.
9 Vaijyanath Jharkhand Vaijnath
The location of Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is also debated.Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga also called Baidyanth Temple is in the Santhal Parganas division of the state of Jharkhand. It is the only place in India where the jyotirlinga and the saktipeeth are together. They lay side by side.Baijnath Shivdham inKangra district of Himachal Pradesh and Parli Vaijyanath in the Beed district of Maharashtra also claim as Jyotirlinga of Vaijyanath also associated with Ravana.
10 Nageshvara Jageshwar main.JPG Gujarat Dwarka
Nageshvara Jyotirlingashrine in  Daruka Vana . The location of this jyotirlinga is in dispute with Jageshwar(pictured) near Almora inUttarakhand, Dwarka inGujarat and Aundha Nagnath in Hingoli districtof Maharashtra, all claiming to be the correct location; but it is widely believed and accepted that the correct location isDwarka.
11 Rameshwar Ramanathar-temple.jpg Tamil Nadu Rameswaram Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu is home to the vast Ramalingeswarar Jyotirlinga temple and is revered as the southernmost of the twelve Jyotrlinga shrines of India. It enshrines the Ramesvara  ("Lord of Rama") pillar.
12 Grishneshwar Grishneshwar Temple.jpg Maharashtra Near Ellora,Aurangabad district Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga shrine, in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, is located near the rock-cut temples of Ellora. This shrine is also known as Ghushmeshwar.




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