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HINDUISM MYTHOLOGY
 
 

Ayodhya

Ayodhya

Ayodhya Pilgrimage Site

Ayodhya is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya is described as the birth place of the Hindu Bhagwan (God) Rama and Bhagwan Swaminarayan. It used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. This Hindu holy city is described as early as in the Hindu Epics. Ayodhya has an average elevation of 93 metres (305 feet).

Temples

Raghunath Ji Ki Chhowni

 

For the first time in Ayodhya, a place for the residence of Saints was constructed by Baba Raghunathdas Ji about 200 year ago which is known as Badi Chhawani. The saints using Lashkari Tilak live here and they do Puja and Bhajan.

Koshlesh Sadan

 

This place was constructed around 50 years ago where the Puja is done according to the Panchratragam System prevalent in the southern part of India. The system of Vishishtadwait is followed here and Brahm, Jeev, Maya are idolized together.

Laxman Kila

On the west of Swarg Dwar is located Laxman ghat also known as Sahastradhara. The temple of Shri Laxmanji who is the Avtar of Shesh Naag is situated here where the Idol of Shri Laxman is established. This place also provide residence for the pilgrims who visit Ayodhya during various Festivals and Melas and is known as Laxman Kila. Pilgrims visit this temple for blessings on every Naag Panchmi after taking bath in the river.

 

 

Ram Janam Bhumi-Babri Masjid Complex

Shri Ram Janm Bhoomi is located in Ram Kot ward of Ayodhya city. According to Hindu mythology, This place is supposed to be the birth place of Lord Ram. Baby idols of Lord Ram, Laxman, Bharat and Shatrughna are kept here.Presently, the Union Governmemt aquirad the area and a case a pending with the court among different parties.

Sita Ki Rasoi

Sita Rasoi is situated near north-western corner of Janmasthan in Ramkot ward. In this temple idols of four brothers Ram, Laxman, Bharat, Shatrughan alongwith their wives Sita, Urmila, Mandavi, Shrutikirti is established. It is believed that after being married with Lord Rama, Sita ji cooked meal for her family for the first time at this very place. Symbolic kitchen utensils are point of attraction to the tourists.

Kaushlya Bhawan

According to the ancient beliefs, this building/ palace was constructed as a residence of Kaushlya, the mother of Lord Ram.

Hanumat Niwas

This is meditation place, which was established by Baba Gomatidas. This is a place known by the service it renders to the Saints.

Gurudwara Brahmakund

This is also one of the oldest Gurudwara situated on the Brahmaghat. In the Hindu mythology, it is said that Brahma ji had meditated at this place for 5000 years due to which the Gurudwara that was constructed on this place came to be known as Gurudwara Brahmkund.

This first saint of Sikh community, Guru Nanak ji, the ninth Guru Tej Bahadur Singh and the tenth Guru Govind Singh, all meditated at this place and gave advice.

Ravidas Mandir

This mandir was constructed around 50-60 years ago. This temple was constructed for propagation of religion of the Raidas community. This temple was named after Saint Ravidas.

Rang Mahal

This is modern temple constructed approximately 35-45 years ago. The festival of Jhulanotsav during the month of Sawan is celebrated over here with pomp and gaiety.

Nishad Raj Temple

This temple was constructed by the followers of Nishad community in the memory of Shri Nishad Raj. Construction of temple was commenced in the year 1917.

Jain Swetamber Mandir

The followers of Jain community constructed this temple for the promotion and propaganda of Jainism and for providing residential facilities for the Tourists of Jain community.

This is the birthplace of five Lords namely Rishabh Deo, Ajitnath, Abhinandannath, Anudnath and Sumitinath.

Dharm Hari

There exits an ancient temple known as Dharm Hari near Ram ki Paidi. According to a popular myth, once Maharaja Dharm Raj visits Ayodhya and felt in his heart that this Vishnupuri is a blessed city, its significance is unparallel.

Lord Vishnu got pleased with his frequent greetings in the name of Ayodhya so he graced him by making an appearance before him and instructed him to ask for a boon. Dharm Raj requested Lord Vishnu to be present in Ayodhya forever and be famed after his name and so established the temple of Dharm Hari. On Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi, devottee people visit and pray at this place to repent their sins.

Maniparvat

Stands about 65 feet high, and some scholars think it to be of Buddhist origin.

According to legend, it was while Hanuman was carrying the hill bearing the Sanjeevani Booti (herb) for Lakshman's wounds from Himalayas, on the way to Lanka, a portion broke off and fell in Ayodhya and this is that very mound.

Sursari Mandir

The Raja of Sursari Estate constructed this temple near Sitamani during the British rule by using marble stones.

This is one of the beautiful temples of Ayodhya.

Digambar Jain mandir

This temple is related to the founder of Jainism Shri Rishabhdeo ji, situated in Raiganj ward of Ayodhya in which a huge statue made of marble of the height of 21 feet is established. Five statues made of black stone are of other five Jain Tirthankars.

According to Adi Puran, Rishabhdeo was the first king of Ayodhya who is also known as Adinath, the first Tirthankar of Jain.

Kale Ram Mandir

Kale Ram Mandir is situated near Ram ki Paidi in Swargdwar ward of Ayodhya city. It is enumerated in important temples of Ayodhya.

Idol established in this temple is of the period of Maharaj Vikramaditya. This place is worth seeing for devotees.

Tulsi Smarak Bhawan

Tulsi Smarak Bhawan is situated on Raiganj crossing, 300 meters in the east of National Highway. Goswami Tulasi Das ji began to compose Ram Charit Manas here.

Vedanti Mandir

This temple was constructed 80-90 years ago by Pt. Shri Ram Ballabh Sharan Ji Maharaj and was known as Shri Ram Ballabh Kunj (Madhukar Niwas) where the services were given to God, Saints, Students and even to Cows.

Pt. Shri Ram Ballabh Sharan Ji Maharaj handed over the rights of the temple to his dearest pupil Shri Ram Padarath Das Ji Vedanti.

Uttar Totadri Math

The temple is located near Ayodhya Post Office. The temple was founded by Swami Bal Bhadracharya, and the temple is related with South Indian Toradri Math of Ramanuja cult. Icon of Tirupati Bala Ji Venkatesh Bhagawan is available.

The temple runs a Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya and the expenditure is borne by this Math.

Place of Interest

The Hanuman Garhi

Situated in the centre of the town, this temple is approachable by a flight of 76 steps. Legend has it that Hanuman lived here in a cave and guarded the Janambhoomi or Ramkot. The main temple contains the statue of Maa Anjani, with Bal Hanuman seated on her lap. The faithful believe that all their wishes are granted with a visit to this holy shrine.

A massive structure in the shape of a four sided fort with circular bastions at each corner houses a temple of Hanuman and is the most popular shrine in Ayodhya.

Kanak Bhawan

This is famous temple of Ayodhya. As per mythology it is gifted to Sita by mother Kaikai after marriege. This is private palace of lord SitaRam, here all statue of SitaRam.

Ramkot

The chief place of worship in Ayodhya is the site of the ancient citadel of Ramkot which stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city. Although visited by pilgrims throughout the year, this sacred place attracts devotees from all over India and abroad, on `Ram Navami', the day of Lord's birth, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April).

Swarg Dwar

According to mythology, Lord Rama is said to have been cremated here.

Mani Parbat and Sugriv Parbat

The first of these ancient earth mounds is identified with a stupa built by the Emperor Ashoka, while the second is believed to be an ancient monastery.

Treta ke Thakur

This temple stands at the place where Rama is said to have performed the Ashvamedha Yajnya. About 300 years ago the Raja of kulu built a new temple here, which was improved by Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore during 1784, at the same time the adjoining Ghats were also built. The initial idols in black sandstone were recovered from Saryu and placed in the new temple, famous as Kaleram-ka-Mandir.

Nageshwarnath Temple

The temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by Kush the son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet, while bathing in the Saryu, which was picked up by a Nag-Kanya, who fell in love with him. As she was a devotee of Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. It is said that this has been the only temple to have survived till the time of Vikramaditya, the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by dense forests. It was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya was able to locate Ayodhya and the sites of different shrines here. The festival of Shivratri is celebrated here with great pomp and splendour.

Chhoti Devkali Mandir

This is the temple of goddess Ishani(Durga). As per mythalogy she is Kuldevi of Sita.

Other places of interest

Angad Tila, Shri Rama Janaki Birla Temple, Tulsi Smarak Bhawan, Ram ki Paidi, Kaleramji ka Mandir, Datuvan Kund,Janki Mahal, Gurudwara Brahma Kund,Rishabhadeo Jain Temple, Brahma Kund, Amawan Temple, Tulsi Chaura, Laxman Quila, Ram Katha Museum, Valmiki Ramayan Bhawan,Mandir Sunder Sadan (in front of controversial site) are among other places of interest in Ayodhya.



 
 


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